Let's start with the basics.

Setting up the chessboard



The chess board.

Light and dark move alternatively. The pieces move across the chess board according to predetermined rules, which have remained unchanged for hundreds of years. Although the object of the game is to checkmate the opponent's King, it may never be removed from the board.



The chess pieces.

As you can see there are 16 dark colored pieces and 16 light colored pieces. Each colored set of chess pieces has a least one matching piece except the King and Queen.

Both coloured sets have exactly the same number and type of pieces. They are as follows in order of importance:

  • 1 King
  • 1 Queen
  • 2 Knights
  • 2 Bishops
  • 2 Rooks (Towers)
  • 8 Pawns (farmers)
Piece
Symbol
Value
1
3
3
5
9
4 (but you can never capture him)